What is Automation Testing? Types, Tools and Benefits | W3Sofetch

Automation Testing

It is a type of software testing used to execute the test case and compare the output results with the expected results. Manual Testing is performed manually with the help of human hand whereas Automation Testing is performed automatically by using test scripts or automation testing tools.

Test Automation is majorly used to automate repetitive tasks and other testing tasks which are unable to perform by manual testing. This testing will support both functional and non-functional testing.

Working Process of Automation Testing:

  • The initial step is to analyze the current system test coverage
  • Later it helps to identify paths that would benefit from automation
  • To design plan and select test cases for automation
  • To execute the test cases and observes their performance
  • Develop an automation framework and global functions
  • Finally, review the test cases under automation


  • This testing increases the test execution speed
  • It helps in the maximum coverage of test cases
  • It costs less compared to manual testing
  • This Testing saves time and money while compared to manual testing
  • It feels challenging and interesting while performing test execution whereas manual testing feels boring


  • The major disadvantage is debugging the test script
  • Requires more proficiency to write the test scripts
  • If test script tests a number of screens then the maintenance is difficult
Working Process of Automation Testing

Types of Automation Testing Frameworks:

It is mainly divided into frameworks which are of 6 types shown below.

Here framework defines as a set of rules which can follow in a programmatic way to achieve the expected results.

  • Behavior Driven Development Framework
  • Data Driven Testing Framework
  • Hybrid Testing Framework
  • Keyword Driven Testing Framework
  • Linear Scripting Framework
  • Modular Testing Framework

Automation Testing Tools:

Here is the list of some test automation tools

  • Acunetix
  • Appium
  • Burp Suite
  • Coded UI
  • Cucumber
  • Cypress
  • EggPlant
  • FitNesse
  • IBM Rational Functional Tester
  • Jmeter
  • Katalon Studio
  • LambdaTest
  • Load Runner
  • Micro Focus QC
  • Micro Focus UFT
  • NeoLoad
  • Perfecto Mobile
  • QMetry Automation Studio
  • QTP
  • Qualibrate
  • Ranorex
  • Rational Robot
  • Robotium
  • Selenium
  • SilkTest
  • SoapUI
  • Test Anywhere
  • Test Studio
  • TestComplete
  • TestingWhiz
  • Testsigma
  • Tosca Testsuite
  • Visual Studio Test Professional
  • WAPT by SoftLogica
  • WatiN
  • Watir
  • WebLOAD

From the above list, we can find functional and non-functional automation test tools

Most popular tools for functional automation

  • Coded UI
  • Quick Test Professional (QTP)
  • Rational Robot
  • Selenium

Most popular tools for non-functional automation

  • Acunetix
  • Burp Suite
  • Jmeter
  • Load Runner

Benefits of Automation Testing

  • Super faster while compared to manual testing
  • Wide range of test coverage will be done
  • Improves accuracy and reliability in test execution
  • More efficient in performing test execution
  • It saves time and money
  • Reduces the human workload by providing reusable test scripts